Ras al-Khaimah | Emirate, History, & Facts

Ras al-Khaimah is one of the seven emirates that form the United Arab Emirates. It is located in the northernmost part of the UAE and covers an area of approximately 2,470 square kilometers. In this article, we will delve into the history, geography, culture, and economy of Ras al-Khaimah.


Ras al-Khaimah is situated in the northernmost part of the UAE, bordering Oman to the east and the Persian Gulf to the north. The landscape of Ras al-Khaimah consists of a range of mountains, valleys, and sandy beaches. The highest peak in the emirate is Jebel Jais, which stands at a height of 1,934 meters. The climate of Ras al-Khaimah is hot and dry, with temperatures reaching up to 50 degrees Celsius during the summer months.


The history of Ras al-Khaimah dates back to the third millennium BCE. The emirate was known for its pearling industry, which was the main source of income for the locals. During the 18th century, the British established a treaty relationship with the ruling family of Ras al-Khaimah, which gave them control over the pearl trade. In the early 20th century, oil was discovered in the region, leading to a rapid increase in the emirate’s wealth and development.

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The culture of Ras al-Khaimah is deeply rooted in the Islamic religion and Arab traditions. The local language is Arabic, and Islam is the predominant religion. The people of Ras al-Khaimah are known for their hospitality and generosity towards guests. The traditional dress for men is a long white robe called a kandura, while women wear a long black robe called an abaya.


The economy of Ras al-Khaimah is primarily driven by the oil and gas industry, which accounts for a significant portion of the emirate’s GDP. However, the government of Ras al-Khaimah has also been focusing on diversifying the economy by investing in sectors such as tourism, real estate, and manufacturing. The emirate has several industrial zones and free trade zones, which provide tax incentives and other benefits to businesses.


Ras al-Khaimah has been investing heavily in the tourism sector, with a focus on attracting both domestic and international tourists. The emirate has several luxury resorts, hotels, and shopping malls, as well as a range of cultural and historical attractions. Some of the popular tourist destinations in Ras al-Khaimah include the Jebel Jais mountain range, the Al Hamra Marina and Yacht Club, and the National Museum of Ras al-Khaimah.